How to Stop the Next Pandemic Before It Starts

Foreign Policy | Feb 14, 2020 at 5:45 PM
  • Outbreaks are inevitable.
  • In the 18th century in Europe and the Americas, the spread of smallpox, a viral disease transmitted only by humans, was facilitated by increasing urbanization and crowded living conditions.
  • In Europe and North America, hygiene drove a sanitarian movement that reformed urban living through public health programs that improved living conditions across a broad spectrum of diseases: safe water, sanitation, waste collection, sewage disposal, ventilation, and so on.