The Strongest Military Is an Inclusive One

Foreign Affairs | Feb 14, 2020 at 5:09 PM
  • How societies treat their constituent ethnic groups can make the difference between stunning success and crushing defeat once the shooting starts.
  • States that treat all soldiers the same way regardless of ethnicity typically field powerful militaries; belligerents with ethnically divided armies are much less effective.
  • Unequal militaries have a 75 percent chance of suffering more casualties than those  inflicted on the enemy, compared with a 25 percent chance for more egalitarian belligerents.