Flooding has caused hundreds of billions of dollars in damage in the U.S. over the past three decades. Researchers found that 36 percent of the costs of flooding in the U.S. from 1988 to 2017 were a result of intensifying precipitation, consistent with predictions of global warming.
While more progress is being made all the time in Artificial Intelligence, some scientists warn of the dangers of an uncontrollable superintelligent AI. Using theoretical calculations, a team of researchers shows that it would not be possible to control a superintelligent AI.
In the future, the Antarctic could become a greener place and be colonised by new species. At the same time, some species will likely disappear.
Plastics contain and leach hazardous chemicals, including endocrine-disrupting chemicals that threaten human health. An new report describes the alarming health effects of widespread contamination from EDCs in plastics.
While global sea levels are rising due to the climate crisis and threatening near-coastal infrastructures, higher temperatures in other areas are having exactly the opposite effect.
The scientists who re-engineered the plastic-eating enzyme PETase have now created an enzyme ‘cocktail’ which can digest plastic up to six times faster.
If available prime mover SI engine technologies are optimally matched to each other, more than 40 percent of the energy bound in the fuel can be used in real road transport. Synthetic fuels can lead to even higher efficiency and reduced emissions due to their better combustion properties.
Current and future damages of climate change depend greatly on the ability of affected populations to adapt to changing conditions. Building capacity to adapt to such changes will require eradicating inequalities of many sorts, including gender.
If the consequential costs of the greenhouse gases emitted are determined and added to current food prices, animal products such as milk, cheese and especially meat would have to become far more expensive. The price difference between conventional and organic products would also be less.
An analysis of food, energy, water, and climate change in the Indus Basin shows how a cross-boundary and multi-sectoral perspective could lead to economic benefits and lower costs for all countries involved.